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The Muricidae Family includes 1927 species comprising 13 subfamilies (Ocenebrinae (33 genus), Rapaninae (28), Muricinae (24), ...)
and 192 genus (Favartia (108 species), Coralliophila (105), Chicoreus (93), ...)

Phylum      : Mollusca
 Class       : Gastropoda 
  Subclass    : Caenogastropoda 
   Order       : Neogastropoda 
    Superfamily : Muricoidea 
     Family      : Muricidae 

Common name : Murex, rock and coral shells

Aspect : muricidae form a large and very diverse family comprising a dozen subfamilies. Below we distinguish 2 sub-families in particular - Muricinae and Rapaninae -. The Muricinae are easily recognized as Murex. Club-shaped shell with a round opening and a more or less elongated siphonal channel. Presence, in general, of strong varicose veins in the form of bulges, bumps, folds or thorns which can be branched. The interval between varicose veins and their numbers on a turn is characteristic of each species. Rapaninae are more compact, without varicose veins and sometimes with pimples. Apex short. Presence of an anterior canal and collumellar folds.

Feeding : carnivore

Environment : Mediterranean and Indo-Pacific seas, rock or coral reef, shallow waters

Bolinus brandaris (Linnaeus, 1758) (Subfamily Muricinae)

Bolinus brandaris

Chicoreus brunneus (Link, 1807) (Subfamily Muricinae)

Chicoreus brunneus

Chicoreus dovi Houart, 1984 (Subfamily Muricinae)

Chicoreus dovi

Chicoreus ramosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Subfamily Muricinae)

Chicoreus ramosus

Chicoreus torrefactus (G. B. Sowerby II, 1841) (Subfamily Muricinae)

Chicoreus torrefactus : broken spines

Drupa clathrata miticula (Lamarck, 1822) (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Drupa clathrata miticula

Drupa denticulata Houart & Vilvens, 1997 (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Drupa denticulata

Drupa morum Röding, 1798 (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Drupa morum

Drupa rubusidaeus Röding, 1798 (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Drupa rubusidaeus

Drupina lobata (Blainville, 1832) (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Drupina lobata

Hexaplex brassica (Lamarck, 1822) (Subfamily Muricinae)

Hexaplex brassica

Hexaplex cichoreum (Gmelin, 1791) (Subfamily Muricinae)

Hexaplex cichoreum

Hexaplex trunculus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Subfamily Muricinae)

Hexaplex trunculus

Mancinella alouina (Röding, 1798) (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Mancinella alouina

Menathais tuberosa (Röding, 1798) (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Menathais tuberosa

Menathais tuberosa (Röding, 1798) (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Menathais tuberosa : small, beach

Murex pecten [Lightfoot], 1786 (Subfamily Muricinae)

Murex pecten

Murex trapa Röding, 1798 (Subfamily Muricinae)

Murex trapa

Muricanthus nigritus (Philippi, 1845) (Subfamily Muricinae)

Muricanthus nigritus

Nassa francolina (Bruguière, 1789) (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Nassa francolina

Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Subfamily Ocenebrinae)

Nucella lapillus : bis (Brittany)

Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Subfamily Ocenebrinae)

Nucella lapillus : (Brittany)

Ocenebra erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Subfamily Ocenebrinae)

Ocenebra erinaceus : (Brittany)

Phyllonotus erythrostomus (Swainson, 1831) (Subfamily Muricinae)

Phyllonotus erythrostomus

Purpura bufo Lamarck, 1822 (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Purpura bufo

Purpura persica (Linnaeus, 1758) (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Purpura persica

Tylothais virgata (Dillwyn, 1817) (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Tylothais virgata

Vexilla vexillum (Gmelin, 1791) (Subfamily Rapaninae)

Vexilla vexillum

Total collection for Muricidae : 26 species (129 shells in total)

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